Proposes that the mind consciousness system can be simplified into 4 branches or perspectives of law: social constructivism, neo-realism, positivism and naturalism. Information Systems Design. The Philosophy of praxis. The nature of reality. Art, research, education, activism.
The goal here is to bridge the gap between ontology and epistemology, as well as universality and particularity(ies). Ontology as in metaphysics or "what is" which explains the existence of entity and epistemology as in "how or what" which speaks to the theory of knowledge. This philosophy examines the nature of reality (using objectivism as a primer, gateway or trajectory); thus narrowing the gap between perception and experience.
Objectivism is a major principle of qualitative research and also a tenet of the posivitist model, which sugests that knowledge relies on observations and events. Objectivism relies heavily on sense data. Ayn Rand was the pioneer in the 50's. From this, came a majority of the 60's-70's movements like flower-power, consciousness expansion, the Black panthers and the theater of the absurd etc.
The term of objectivism was coined by Ayn Rand and rests on the "benevolent universe premise" that the mind does not create reality but bumps into it instead. This means that there are many possibilities and or experiences that do exist in this universe (whether we are aware of them or not). Other philosophers that are on par with this logic include Ayn Rand, David Hume, Martha Nussbaum and Bertrand Russell. This branch of technical philosophy made its way into academia during 1980's and philosophy buffs have continued to shed their perspective. The branches of objectivism are known as: reality, reason, ethics or self-interest, politics and aesthetics.
"Aptitude is not nearly as important as attitude since it is the disposition that informs our immediate actions and behaviors." Unknown
No matter what corruption one observes in one's immediate background, one is unable to accept it as normal, permanent or metaphysically right. One feels: "This injustice (or terror or falsehood or frustration or pain or agony) is the exception in life, not the rule." One feels certain that somewhere on earth-even if not anywhere in one's surroundings or within one's reach-a proper, human way of life is possible to human beings, and justice matters. Continued
Methods of Contemplation (2-4 Proofs for Grounds of Assertion). These could probably be simplified into 2 since social constructivism and neo realism have stark similarities, as well as positivism and naturalism but...
1. Social constructivism recognizes truth as existing within the context of history, culture or experience. Our understanding of the truth is getting a bit wider than what was originally thought. Learning is a result of a social process. Enculturation. Continuous acquisition. This begins to segeway into perennialism, mysticism and existentialism. Nevertheless, since human nature is constant, we as sentient beings should continue to learn about the world's immutable state through a formalized or even a ratified means like art, research, education, activism. It's all about real estate.
Location, location, location.
Terrence McKenna (psychonaut) on the Shamanic or psychedelic dimension, ethnobotany.
Michel Foucault on disciplinary society, the panopticon (psyche wards and prisons).
Angela Davis of the Black Panther Party on African American resistance in the United States (Black consciousness studies).
Sri Yukteswar on the holy science of yoga and self realization.
*Oftentimes the cultural perimeters determine how a person comes into their own narrative truth. In other words, you really have to have a first hand experience with this thing. Moving forward.
a) Race, culture and or appropriation
Shakespeare in the Bush
An American anthropologist set out to study the Tiv of West Africa and receives a different spin on the play Hamlet. Everyone else in the world must or should interpret experiences exactly as we do. Naiive realism. This is where cross cultural perspective comes in.
Swastika in Japan
An auspicious symbol of luck, well-being which is most frequently associated with temples and shrines in the East; Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism
they are born to or marry. Lower, middle, upper class with sub-classifications such as the occupational class.
Acquired vs achieved status
People can be positioned in the structure of social stratification based on individual merits, as well as, who Lower-upper class refers to "new money" which was made from ground up business ventures, for example. The organized life.
More than xx or xy
The traditional model for biology is based on how one is born ie girl (presumably) but the transgender collective is gaining enormous biological footing and traction through the effects of BPA products, for example. Gender tends to cover an enormous spectrum of expressive traits ranging from masculine to feminine. These may or may not be related to identity or sex let alone sexual orientation, which is yet another matter.
2. Neo realism suggests that reality is external; therefore it can be modeled particularly after an "anthropogenic" event such as war.
a) A most prominent example is American life before and after the Cold War (an ideological war; no weapons were used in this the conflict).
b) The Fall of the Berlin Wall. This is an example how very well educated people like doctors and lawyers suddenly had to become aquainted with points of view, conflict resolution, survival of the fittest, state elections, as well as, other logistics of a democracy. "Law of the jungle."
Post Berlin Wall
3. Positivism relies on mechanical or sensory data exclusively. If you cannot see it, hear it, smell it, taste it, feel it or touch it; then it doesn't exist. ie. Empiricism. Tautology. Superfluity.
4. Naturalism (also known as direct realism) is on par with the "WYSIWYG" acronym. There is nothing more to the eye.
What you see is what you get